May 2010


On occassion, we will be posting items that we cannot identify. Typically, those will be items from the collection of artifacts, but today the staff stumbled across something special.

This flower was spotted outside of the Bristol Inn. It stands about a foot tall and has a pretty purple/blue flower with a light green stamen sticking out of the center. Any ideas?

After some research, the plant has been identified as “Love-in-a-Mist”. Its counterpart is “Devil-in-a-Bush”, which references the seed pod that develops after blooming. They are from the fennel family and is an old plant that perfectly suits our historic gardens. To learn more about this plant and to see the “Devil-in-a-Bush”, follow the link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigella_damascena

This archive features a recent Charlton Park donation. Although donation of items for the collection is limited, we felt that they were important to the Hastings, MI community. Four pieces of souvenir porcelain depict Hastings landmarks (City Hall, Union School, and the Barry County Courthouse). The images are black transfer and the edges are gilded. The underside of the saucers read: Made by Fr. B.Taylor Co. manufactured for J. F. Whitney & Co. Hastings, Mich. Any company information you may have would be greatly appreciated!

These pieces were donated by Carolyn Loucks Moore and Emelie Loucks Horsley.   They date from around 1900. The pieces originally belonged to LouAnna Poucher Johnson Patton (1866-1954), the donor’s step-grandmother. She lived in Hastings until 1908 and moved to Cloverdale, MI when she remarried. LouAnna and her husband ran the Cloverdale General Store until the late 1920’s. We are pleased to have these items in the collection!

Antique carnival glass was manufactured between the early 1900s and early 1930s, by various companies around the United States and abroad. Carnival Glass received its name because it was used as prizes at carnivals.   

Molten glass was pressed in a two part cast iron mold. The mold was locked together and then a plunger was inserted after the glass was poured in. The plunger was pushed down by a hydraulic press to make sure that the glass was well distributed throughout the mold.  

Once the glass had cooled, it was removed from the mold and reheated so any ruffles or shaping could be added. While it was still hot the surface was sprayed with a metallic salt solution (dope) to give it the irridescence or oil on water appearance.  

There are over 2,000 known carnival glass patterns, most were made by American companies such as Dugan Glass Company, Fenton Art Glass Company, Imperial Glass Company, Northwood Company, U.S. Glass Company, and Millersburg Glass Company. Some companies sold their molds and many were remanufactured starting in the 1970s. To be a true collector, you must do your research! Patterns come in many shapes and are often interchangeable. Discovering the pattern of your Carnival pieces may seem like a treasure hunt, but you will enjoy the search.  

The value of carnival glass lies in its color, which can be determined by holding it up to light and looking through the bottom. Carnival glass items can be found in green, marigold, red, amethyst/purple, aqua, white, cobalt blue, smoke and many shades in between. Carnival glass comes in all the colors of the rainbow!  

Charlton Park has only 17 pieces in its collection, which are fairly standard pieces. Here are some examples from the collection:
 


  • 1. “Imperial Grape” Pattern, in marigold
    Imperial Glass Co.
    Production began in 1912
    8″ diam.
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  • 2. “Triplets” Pattern, in marigold
    Dugan Glass Co.
    Produced between 1904 & 1913
    2.5″ tall, 7″ diam.
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  • 3. “Rococo” Pattern, in marigold
    Imperial Glass Co.
    Production began in 1909
    3″ tall
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  • 4. “Vintage” Pattern, in marigold
    Fenton Art Glass Co.
    Production began c. 1910
    2″ tall, 5.5″ diam.
    Known as a “fernery” bowl, has 3 feet

 

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  • 5. “Grape Arbor” Pattern, in marigold
    Northwood Glass Co.
    Produced between 1910 & 1914
    12″ tall

 

Want to learn more? Check out David Doty’s site: http://www.ddoty.com/index.html. You will be overwhelmed by the shapes, patterns and colors of Carnival Glass!

Sources:

Carwile, M. Standard Companion to Carnival Glass. Collector Books: Paducah, KT. 2007.
Edwards, B. and M. Carwile. Carnival Glass: The Best of the Best. Collector Books: Paducah, KT. 2004.
Edwards, B. and M. Carwile. Standard Encyclopedia of Carnival Glass. Collector Books: Paducah, KT. 2006.
Quintin-Baxendale, M. Collecting Carnival Glass. Francis Joseph Publications: London, England. 2002.
Schroy, E.T. Warner’s Carnival Glass. KP Books: Iola, WI. 2004.

This artifact archive concerns the two horse treadmill (below) now housed in the Exhibition Hall, having been moved from the Machine Shed before it was demolished in 2007. It dates from about 1900 and was manufactured by Heebner & Sons out of Lansdale, PA. Davis Heebner (1810-1900) was a farmer, and in 1840 took out a loan to begin making agricultural equipment. He had four sons, Isaac, Jacob, Josiah and William, who were all active in the company. The first equipment to roll of the line was threshing machinery, then mowers, and then tread power. By 1877, Heebner & Sons was sending their treadmills throughout North America with international inquiries into their equipment.1

Through a wheel and track arrangement, two horses walked abreast to power stationary agricultural equipment, like threshers. Tread power was already in use by the 1830’s and was one of the only means of rotary power available to a farmer, unless he was lucky enough to live near water.2 In this drawing (below) you can see that the treadmill was elevated at an angle, with a belt wheel. If a horse weighed 1,600 lbs and walked 2 mph, it generated 2.13 horsepower.3 Charlton Park’s treadmill is no longer in perfect shape after spending many years in the Machine Shed, but still is an interesting piece. If you would like to view this item in pristine condition visit the link below for The Henry Ford Museum. http://www.hfmgv.org/exhibits/pic/2007/may/pic.asp?pic=1

The Exhibition Hall display at Charlton Park will be getting finished up over the next couple of months. Look for new signage and object information to complete the display. The horse treadmill, as well as one for a dog(!), will be on display in the center when the exhibit is complete.

Notes
1 http://www.davistownmuseum.org/bioHeebner.html
2 Wendel, C.H. Encyclopedia of American Farm Implements & Antiques. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 1997.
3 Barlow, Ronald S. 300 Years of Farm Implements and Machinery. Iola, WI: Krause Publications, 2003.

Black and white drawing can be found in Hurt, R. Douglas. American Farm Tools from Hand-Power to Steam-Power. Manhattan, KA: Sunflower University Press, 1989. p.73