Net gimpe Dutch collar with tatted trim

Tatting and Crochet are both handicrafts that can be used to make different types of lace and many other types of projects.  Both are often worked with fine thread.  Tatting is often mistaken for crochet.

There are many differences in the crafts.  Tatting is thought to be at least 500 years old and was

This tatted trim could have been attached to a dress, curtains, table cloth etc.

possibly derived from the art of knotting.  Knotting was used to make nets for

fishing.  There are many theories as to the origin of the name.  Tatting was originally made of small pieces sewn together which resembled rags or tatters.  So, the name may have come from the Norse word taturr or toturr, meaning

Several of these tatted “snowflakes” could have been sewn together to make a doily or used individually to decorate clothing.

rags.  Others believe that the name comes from the Indian name for door-mats, Tattie.  There are many othertheories but no one knows for sure where the term Tatting actually comes from.

Crochet is a much newer craft, it is thought to have been practiced as early as 1800.  The name comes from the French word for hook.

Tatting shuttle

Crochet fabric is produced by pulling a loop of thread or yarn through a loop on the crochet hook while tatting is made by making a series of knots over a center thread and is sometimes called “poor man’s lace”.  Real lace requires many tools while tatting can be made with a needle, shuttle, or by hand without the use of any tools.

There are many styles of crochet. One style, filet crochet, is a series of blocks that are either worked as open or closed mesh to achieve a specific design. This is an example of filet crochet (trim with chick design). Donated by Opal Moser.

Completed pieces are decorative and can be attached to a variety of clothing or household items.  Tatting needles are long and have a large eye at one end.  Needle tatting originated in the early 20th century.  Shuttles vary in size and construction.  They can be made out of wood, metal, plastic, or bone.  The shuttles are often undecorated like those from the CP collection (see picture) or they can be decorated with diamonds and other jewels.

This pillow case trim is an example of combining a crochet design and another fabric. Donated by Mr. & Mrs. J.A. Hanish.

Crochet projects are made with different sized hooks (made of wood, bone, ivory, steel, or brass), thread, and yarn.  There are five basic crochet stitches.  There are an unlimited number of designs that can be achieved when these five stitches and variations of those stitches are used in different combinations.

Just about anything can be made with crochet but tatting is

Crocheted design could be pieced together to make a doily or table cloth.

mainly decorative and is rarely used to make garments.  Charlton Park has many completed crochet and tatting projects in the collection.  Some of these items are pictured here and are available for viewing in the General Store.

By: Kerri Steward (Charlton Park volunteer)

Tatting sources:

http://www.navarroriverknits.com/tatting.html (Jones, 2010)
Book: Tatting Technique & History by Elgiva Nicholls (Nicholls, 1962)
http://www.georgiaseitz.com/books/cw/cwtat.html
(shows picture of Tatting needle)
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Tatting

Crochet sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crochet
http://www.crochet.org/newslet/nl0997a.html

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