June 7

This morning the company to which I belong was detailed for guard. The balance of the regimental clothing arrived at camp today and will be distributed tomorrow. Colonel ______ [purposely blank] the United States Mustering officer arrived here today. It is expected the regiment will be mustered into the U.S. Service tomorrow after which we will expect marching orders soon. The morning was foggy and dull but the day closed fine and warm.

June 8

Last night between 9 and 10 o’clock a company of young gentlemen and ladies came unexpectedly into camp and gave us a serenade. They sung the “Star Spangled Banner” and other songs and as the last words of each died on the air, the party was greeted with three hearty cheers from the soldiers. They were beautiful singers and after closing with “Dixie” they were about retiring but the shouts of “Give us the Star Spangled Banner again” called them back to to the platform. They then sung the noble song after which they returned to their carriage and retired amid the shouts of the delighted soldiers.

Today the regiment was mustered into the United States service there were but few that refused to take the oath and all but one or two afterwards repented and took the oath.


Who’s Matthew Baird?

May 1st

Bade my friends farewell and repaired to the place of rendezvous _ at the place of enlistment.

May 2nd

Kenfield home in Hastings, MI. HCP Collection

“The Company was mustered at the Kenfield House, Hastings, where more teams and wagons ready to convey it to Grand Rapids. We started about 7 ½ o’clock in the morning and proceeded to the ______   House where we took dinner on the green in front of the house. [Not legible] then determined by the Officers to proceed to Ada and go by rail to Grand Rapids, which we did and arrived at the above place about 6 o’clock p.m. We were quartered at the National and Barnum House at night.”


Who’s Matthew Baird?

“Indian Landing” is located in Historic Charlton Park along the Thornapple River in Hastings Township, MI In 1849, the Thornapple Band of Ottawa Native Americans owned the property, but they permitted Rev. Manasseh Hickey, a Episcopal Methodist minister, to build a mission on their land that year. The mission was a 30 foot square two room log cabin with an alley and fireplace separating the rooms. A fireplace was shared by both rooms and wood could be fed into the fire from outdoors. Sources say, that Sundays before church, a horn would be blown to call Native American and Euro-American settlers to services. This horn could be heard up to 4 miles, alerting people on the opposite side of the Thornapple River that it was time for church. They came to the waters edge and were ferried across by the Native Americans for services. The mission operated until 1854, when the Native Americans sold the property to Henry Edgecomb and moved to the Middleville area.

View of the site during excavation.

The mission was located near a creek in a grove of walnut trees, where the current excavation is taking place. After the departure of the Native Americans, the mission was turned into a home by multiple landowners. Most objects found come from the habitation period, approximately 1855 – 1871. In 1871, the property was purchased by Elam Crook who already owned a farm a mile to the west. By 1894, only the cabin’s foundation remained. The objects on display here illustrate that settlers in this area had almost the same amenities as those that lived in large cities. Barry County was not a backwater, but a thriving young community in Michigan. 

Click here to see some short video clips from a presentation on the excavation.
There have been some exciting finds from the mission. Most recently, many coins and tokens have been turning up. Coins found during excavation help to date archaeological sites. The excavation is currently being led by Dr. Dale Borders of Grand Valley State University in Allendale, MI.




This coin helps to date the site to the habitation period. Eleven million of these coins were made at the Philadelphia Mint.

1863 Indian Head One Cent coin, 49,840,000 were coined at the Philadelphia Mint.

One inch in diameter large cent minted in 1843. It is pierced. 2,425,342 were minted. Click the link below for a clear image.

A token from Foster & Parry Stoves in Grand Rapids, MI dated c. 1850. “Foster & Parry Dealers in Stoves” is on the front with an image of a stove, “Dealers in Stoves, Wholesale & Retail Iron & Hardware” on the back with a lock. Scroll to the bottom of the link below for a clear image.

Yeoman, R.S. A Guide Book of United States Coins: 44th Edition. Western Publishing Company, Inc. Racine, WI. 1991.




Sample of hand written pages in "Pipeography of Men"

The “Pipeography of Men” was written by Bernard M. “Bun” McPharlin of Hastings, Michigan from 1966-1976. This hand written document catalogs his large collection of pipes. He put a number or letter on each pipe in his care and, rather than describing the pipe itself, described the original owner of the piece. It is a unique book that gives us a glimpse of Barry County, Michigan life from around 1920 – 1970.

Bernard “Bun” McPharlin lived and worked in Hastings for most of his life. He was born in Cadillac, Michigan in 1907, the son of George and Marie McPharlin and they moved to Hastings when Bun was still young. He had one child with his first wife Nellie; they divorced in 1927. Bun was a veteran of WWII and served as a rifleman and was discharged in 1943. He married his second wife Gracie in 1950, and she gave him many pipes for his collection.

From old city directories, we know he worked for Consumers Power Co. and sold pipes at Baird’s Clothing Store and Water’s Clothing Shop, which was located at 138 E. State St. in downtown Hastings. He opened his own clothing business, Bun McPharlin’s Clothing Store, with a number of associates in approximately 1957. Bun ran the store until he retired in 1972. He retired to Sarasota, Florida where he passed away in 1990. He is buried in Hastings Riverside Cemetery.

Charlton Park is lucky to have this well cared for and documented collection of 82 pipes. Below are images and Bun’s personal descriptions of a few of the pipes in his collection.

McPharlin, Bernard M. Pipeography of Men. c. 1976.
Barry County Historical Society. Barry County Veterans of the World War II Era. J-Ad Graphic, Hastings, MI. 2002.
“A Man and His Collection: Bernard McPharlin and His Pipes” – 1995 Charlton Park Exhibition, prepared by Sue Pufpaff.


This pipe was used by "Ray Branch". This pipe was a gift to Ray from "Bing Crosby" while he was President of a National Theater Organization. Ray was a member of the Hastings Country Club. Hastings Rotary life member B.P.O.E. He operated the Strand Theater in hastings for many years. Organized the Hastings Hotel Corp. The Hastings Locker Plant. His sons are Ray-Robert & Richard. Smoked and owned by Walter A. Spaulding, Postmaster of Milo-Farmer and grain mill operator. Walter's grandfather was one of the early pioneers of Milo and Doster area. The Spaulding farm was owned by the succeeding heirs for over a hundred years. This pipe and several others of his were given to me after his death in about 1934 to 1936. (Corn cob)

This pipe belonged to Charles Smith "Scottie". Born in Alexandria, Scotland. His trade in the Mother Country was a fabric - blockprinter. He came to the United States and later to Hastings, Michigan in 1923. He worked for the Hastings Manufacturing Company in piston ring production until his retirement. He is the father of Agnes - Industrial Nurse at Hastings Mfg. Co. His religion - Presbyterian. Pipe given to me 11/20/(19)58.

Given to me by Angelo Spiris. Angelo Spiris was a native of Greece. He obtained the pipe for me while visiting the home land. He was a veteran of WWI, a member of the American Legion, and also a commander of the local post. He operated a tavern on Jefferson St. from the late thirties to the early fifties and later a restaurant on West State St. in the Hendershott Bldg.

Pipe owned and smoked by Dr. Chas. (Charles) McIntyre. He left it in the store one day while using the telephone. I informed him that I wanted it for my collection. Very humorous and interesting man. A school teacher. Operated a drug store in the Village Woodland and later an M.D. One of the best. No one to compare with. Both of his sons were medics: Dr. Kenneth McIntyre and Dr. Charles McIntyre. Dr. McIntyre was one fo the co-founders of the Hastings Savings & Loan, and a booster of the Pennock Hospital and the first enlargement.


Given to me by Joseph Kidder, son of Arthur Kidder. First met Joe at Saint Rose School when the family first moved to Hastings from Nashville. Later in high school the four years together like two brothers. The pipe is Austrian in origin. I received it about 1925. His father, Arthur E. Kidder, law partner of Attorney Kim Sigler Office, City Bank Bldg., Hastings. (Hunting scene painted on the ceramic pipe bowl)

Smoked and owned by Walter A. Spaulding, Postmaster of Milo-Farmer and grain mill operator. Walter's grandfather was one of the early pioneers of Milo and Doster area. The Spaulding farm was owned by the succeeding heirs for over a hundred years. This pipe and several others of his were given to me after his death in about 1934 to 1936. (Corn cob)

Westinghouse rolling through the historic village

In honor of last weekend’s 39th Annual Gas and Steam Engine Show, this week’s Artifact Archive features our 15 hp Westinghouse Traction Engine, made in Schenectady, N.Y. This vertical, self-propelled engine is the pride of the Historic Charlton Park collection. It would have been used to power threshers primarily, but could have powered other belted equipment such as water pumps and drag saws. To see a video of the Westinghouse in operation, click here.

Irving Charlton, Historic Charlton Park’s founder, purchased the Westinghouse in 1957 from Mrs. Willow Palmer of Paw Paw, MI. The engine was secondhand when the Carter’s acquired it, but they did not use it much. Charlton groused that he paid double what the engine originally sold for, possibly paying $1,500.

Irving Charlton seated on the Westinghouse

The Patent dates on the machine read May 20, 1884; Sept. 27, 1881 and Aug. 12, 1879. This Westinghouse engine was probably marketed about 1886. The engine operated with water on the inside of the tube, rather than the later models that carried water in flues on the outside. In a Grand Rapids Press article dated August 15, 1957, Charlton stated, “there are but two more like this particular engine in the United States.” That statement is difficult to corroborate, but the engine is still rare, especially in its current condition. The Westinghouse has all of its original sheet metal and almost all of its original parts. It also has a big leather drive belt. Russell Chaffee restored the engine in 1982.

 The Westinghouse is still in operation and can be seen chugging around the Park during Charlton Park Day and the Gas and Steam Engine Show. The engine is operated and maintained by members of the Charlton Park Gas & Steam Club.


  • Catalog of Machinery Manufactured by the Westinghouse Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 1903. Reprinted 1974.
  • Catalog of Machinery Manufactured by the Westinghouse Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 1886.
  • “Ancient Steam Engine: Barry Park Displays Machine of 1880s”, Grand Rapids Press, Aug. 17, 1957.

Net gimpe Dutch collar with tatted trim

Tatting and Crochet are both handicrafts that can be used to make different types of lace and many other types of projects.  Both are often worked with fine thread.  Tatting is often mistaken for crochet.

There are many differences in the crafts.  Tatting is thought to be at least 500 years old and was

This tatted trim could have been attached to a dress, curtains, table cloth etc.

possibly derived from the art of knotting.  Knotting was used to make nets for

fishing.  There are many theories as to the origin of the name.  Tatting was originally made of small pieces sewn together which resembled rags or tatters.  So, the name may have come from the Norse word taturr or toturr, meaning

Several of these tatted “snowflakes” could have been sewn together to make a doily or used individually to decorate clothing.

rags.  Others believe that the name comes from the Indian name for door-mats, Tattie.  There are many othertheories but no one knows for sure where the term Tatting actually comes from.

Crochet is a much newer craft, it is thought to have been practiced as early as 1800.  The name comes from the French word for hook.

Tatting shuttle

Crochet fabric is produced by pulling a loop of thread or yarn through a loop on the crochet hook while tatting is made by making a series of knots over a center thread and is sometimes called “poor man’s lace”.  Real lace requires many tools while tatting can be made with a needle, shuttle, or by hand without the use of any tools.

There are many styles of crochet. One style, filet crochet, is a series of blocks that are either worked as open or closed mesh to achieve a specific design. This is an example of filet crochet (trim with chick design). Donated by Opal Moser.

Completed pieces are decorative and can be attached to a variety of clothing or household items.  Tatting needles are long and have a large eye at one end.  Needle tatting originated in the early 20th century.  Shuttles vary in size and construction.  They can be made out of wood, metal, plastic, or bone.  The shuttles are often undecorated like those from the CP collection (see picture) or they can be decorated with diamonds and other jewels.

This pillow case trim is an example of combining a crochet design and another fabric. Donated by Mr. & Mrs. J.A. Hanish.

Crochet projects are made with different sized hooks (made of wood, bone, ivory, steel, or brass), thread, and yarn.  There are five basic crochet stitches.  There are an unlimited number of designs that can be achieved when these five stitches and variations of those stitches are used in different combinations.

Just about anything can be made with crochet but tatting is

Crocheted design could be pieced together to make a doily or table cloth.

mainly decorative and is rarely used to make garments.  Charlton Park has many completed crochet and tatting projects in the collection.  Some of these items are pictured here and are available for viewing in the General Store.

By: Kerri Steward (Charlton Park volunteer)

Tatting sources:

http://www.navarroriverknits.com/tatting.html (Jones, 2010)
Book: Tatting Technique & History by Elgiva Nicholls (Nicholls, 1962)
(shows picture of Tatting needle)

Crochet sources:


This edition’s artifact concerns a Civil War era photo. The members of First Michigan Engineers and Mechanics Co. C are seated on Lookout Mountain in northern Georgia. Wright L. Coffinberry served as Captain of Co. C. James Cutler of Hastings, who enlisted in Marshall on Dec. 24, 1863, sent this photo home to his wife Julia Cutler. Co.C apparently took a cannon to the top of the mountain but could not lower the muzzle enough to fire on the Confederates.

In a letter dated Sept. 12, 1864, Cutler writes his wife, “…as for me i am tough and well as you will see by this picture that i send in this letter” and lists those seated on the rock. Starting at the point: Captain [Coffinberry?], William Roberts (Rutland Twp., MI); George Dannat (Hastings, MI); Wiset [?]; Andrew Beers (Irving Twp., MI); Thomas Heney (Rutland Twp., MI); Abraham H. Drake (Ionia County, MI); back of him Jefferson Turner (Hastings, MI); Charles Wooding (G. Rapids, MI), James Woodruff; Oscar Young; James Cutler; Russ Allen [?]; all of Hastings, MI. Cutler was stationed on Lookout Mountain in April of 1864. Co. C built a steam mill, cut their own lumber and built “homes” for themselves during their rainy stay.

Charlton Park’s Civil War exhibition, “Test of a Nation: Honor of a County”, is on display in the stone Museum Building.