Sample of hand written pages in "Pipeography of Men"

The “Pipeography of Men” was written by Bernard M. “Bun” McPharlin of Hastings, Michigan from 1966-1976. This hand written document catalogs his large collection of pipes. He put a number or letter on each pipe in his care and, rather than describing the pipe itself, described the original owner of the piece. It is a unique book that gives us a glimpse of Barry County, Michigan life from around 1920 – 1970.

Bernard “Bun” McPharlin lived and worked in Hastings for most of his life. He was born in Cadillac, Michigan in 1907, the son of George and Marie McPharlin and they moved to Hastings when Bun was still young. He had one child with his first wife Nellie; they divorced in 1927. Bun was a veteran of WWII and served as a rifleman and was discharged in 1943. He married his second wife Gracie in 1950, and she gave him many pipes for his collection.

From old city directories, we know he worked for Consumers Power Co. and sold pipes at Baird’s Clothing Store and Water’s Clothing Shop, which was located at 138 E. State St. in downtown Hastings. He opened his own clothing business, Bun McPharlin’s Clothing Store, with a number of associates in approximately 1957. Bun ran the store until he retired in 1972. He retired to Sarasota, Florida where he passed away in 1990. He is buried in Hastings Riverside Cemetery.

Charlton Park is lucky to have this well cared for and documented collection of 82 pipes. Below are images and Bun’s personal descriptions of a few of the pipes in his collection.

Sources:
McPharlin, Bernard M. Pipeography of Men. c. 1976.
Barry County Historical Society. Barry County Veterans of the World War II Era. J-Ad Graphic, Hastings, MI. 2002.
“A Man and His Collection: Bernard McPharlin and His Pipes” – 1995 Charlton Park Exhibition, prepared by Sue Pufpaff.

 
 
 

This pipe was used by "Ray Branch". This pipe was a gift to Ray from "Bing Crosby" while he was President of a National Theater Organization. Ray was a member of the Hastings Country Club. Hastings Rotary life member B.P.O.E. He operated the Strand Theater in hastings for many years. Organized the Hastings Hotel Corp. The Hastings Locker Plant. His sons are Ray-Robert & Richard. Smoked and owned by Walter A. Spaulding, Postmaster of Milo-Farmer and grain mill operator. Walter's grandfather was one of the early pioneers of Milo and Doster area. The Spaulding farm was owned by the succeeding heirs for over a hundred years. This pipe and several others of his were given to me after his death in about 1934 to 1936. (Corn cob)

This pipe belonged to Charles Smith "Scottie". Born in Alexandria, Scotland. His trade in the Mother Country was a fabric - blockprinter. He came to the United States and later to Hastings, Michigan in 1923. He worked for the Hastings Manufacturing Company in piston ring production until his retirement. He is the father of Agnes - Industrial Nurse at Hastings Mfg. Co. His religion - Presbyterian. Pipe given to me 11/20/(19)58.

Given to me by Angelo Spiris. Angelo Spiris was a native of Greece. He obtained the pipe for me while visiting the home land. He was a veteran of WWI, a member of the American Legion, and also a commander of the local post. He operated a tavern on Jefferson St. from the late thirties to the early fifties and later a restaurant on West State St. in the Hendershott Bldg.

Pipe owned and smoked by Dr. Chas. (Charles) McIntyre. He left it in the store one day while using the telephone. I informed him that I wanted it for my collection. Very humorous and interesting man. A school teacher. Operated a drug store in the Village Woodland and later an M.D. One of the best. No one to compare with. Both of his sons were medics: Dr. Kenneth McIntyre and Dr. Charles McIntyre. Dr. McIntyre was one fo the co-founders of the Hastings Savings & Loan, and a booster of the Pennock Hospital and the first enlargement.

 

Given to me by Joseph Kidder, son of Arthur Kidder. First met Joe at Saint Rose School when the family first moved to Hastings from Nashville. Later in high school the four years together like two brothers. The pipe is Austrian in origin. I received it about 1925. His father, Arthur E. Kidder, law partner of Attorney Kim Sigler Office, City Bank Bldg., Hastings. (Hunting scene painted on the ceramic pipe bowl)

Smoked and owned by Walter A. Spaulding, Postmaster of Milo-Farmer and grain mill operator. Walter's grandfather was one of the early pioneers of Milo and Doster area. The Spaulding farm was owned by the succeeding heirs for over a hundred years. This pipe and several others of his were given to me after his death in about 1934 to 1936. (Corn cob)

Westinghouse rolling through the historic village

In honor of last weekend’s 39th Annual Gas and Steam Engine Show, this week’s Artifact Archive features our 15 hp Westinghouse Traction Engine, made in Schenectady, N.Y. This vertical, self-propelled engine is the pride of the Historic Charlton Park collection. It would have been used to power threshers primarily, but could have powered other belted equipment such as water pumps and drag saws. To see a video of the Westinghouse in operation, click here.

Irving Charlton, Historic Charlton Park’s founder, purchased the Westinghouse in 1957 from Mrs. Willow Palmer of Paw Paw, MI. The engine was secondhand when the Carter’s acquired it, but they did not use it much. Charlton groused that he paid double what the engine originally sold for, possibly paying $1,500.

Irving Charlton seated on the Westinghouse

The Patent dates on the machine read May 20, 1884; Sept. 27, 1881 and Aug. 12, 1879. This Westinghouse engine was probably marketed about 1886. The engine operated with water on the inside of the tube, rather than the later models that carried water in flues on the outside. In a Grand Rapids Press article dated August 15, 1957, Charlton stated, “there are but two more like this particular engine in the United States.” That statement is difficult to corroborate, but the engine is still rare, especially in its current condition. The Westinghouse has all of its original sheet metal and almost all of its original parts. It also has a big leather drive belt. Russell Chaffee restored the engine in 1982.

 The Westinghouse is still in operation and can be seen chugging around the Park during Charlton Park Day and the Gas and Steam Engine Show. The engine is operated and maintained by members of the Charlton Park Gas & Steam Club.

 Sources:

  • Catalog of Machinery Manufactured by the Westinghouse Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 1903. Reprinted 1974.
  • Catalog of Machinery Manufactured by the Westinghouse Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 1886.
  • “Ancient Steam Engine: Barry Park Displays Machine of 1880s”, Grand Rapids Press, Aug. 17, 1957.

Net gimpe Dutch collar with tatted trim

Tatting and Crochet are both handicrafts that can be used to make different types of lace and many other types of projects.  Both are often worked with fine thread.  Tatting is often mistaken for crochet.

There are many differences in the crafts.  Tatting is thought to be at least 500 years old and was

This tatted trim could have been attached to a dress, curtains, table cloth etc.

possibly derived from the art of knotting.  Knotting was used to make nets for

fishing.  There are many theories as to the origin of the name.  Tatting was originally made of small pieces sewn together which resembled rags or tatters.  So, the name may have come from the Norse word taturr or toturr, meaning

Several of these tatted “snowflakes” could have been sewn together to make a doily or used individually to decorate clothing.

rags.  Others believe that the name comes from the Indian name for door-mats, Tattie.  There are many othertheories but no one knows for sure where the term Tatting actually comes from.

Crochet is a much newer craft, it is thought to have been practiced as early as 1800.  The name comes from the French word for hook.

Tatting shuttle

Crochet fabric is produced by pulling a loop of thread or yarn through a loop on the crochet hook while tatting is made by making a series of knots over a center thread and is sometimes called “poor man’s lace”.  Real lace requires many tools while tatting can be made with a needle, shuttle, or by hand without the use of any tools.

There are many styles of crochet. One style, filet crochet, is a series of blocks that are either worked as open or closed mesh to achieve a specific design. This is an example of filet crochet (trim with chick design). Donated by Opal Moser.

Completed pieces are decorative and can be attached to a variety of clothing or household items.  Tatting needles are long and have a large eye at one end.  Needle tatting originated in the early 20th century.  Shuttles vary in size and construction.  They can be made out of wood, metal, plastic, or bone.  The shuttles are often undecorated like those from the CP collection (see picture) or they can be decorated with diamonds and other jewels.

This pillow case trim is an example of combining a crochet design and another fabric. Donated by Mr. & Mrs. J.A. Hanish.

Crochet projects are made with different sized hooks (made of wood, bone, ivory, steel, or brass), thread, and yarn.  There are five basic crochet stitches.  There are an unlimited number of designs that can be achieved when these five stitches and variations of those stitches are used in different combinations.

Just about anything can be made with crochet but tatting is

Crocheted design could be pieced together to make a doily or table cloth.

mainly decorative and is rarely used to make garments.  Charlton Park has many completed crochet and tatting projects in the collection.  Some of these items are pictured here and are available for viewing in the General Store.

By: Kerri Steward (Charlton Park volunteer)

Tatting sources:

http://www.navarroriverknits.com/tatting.html (Jones, 2010)
Book: Tatting Technique & History by Elgiva Nicholls (Nicholls, 1962)
http://www.georgiaseitz.com/books/cw/cwtat.html
(shows picture of Tatting needle)
http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Tatting

Crochet sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crochet
http://www.crochet.org/newslet/nl0997a.html

This edition’s artifact concerns a Civil War era photo. The members of First Michigan Engineers and Mechanics Co. C are seated on Lookout Mountain in northern Georgia. Wright L. Coffinberry served as Captain of Co. C. James Cutler of Hastings, who enlisted in Marshall on Dec. 24, 1863, sent this photo home to his wife Julia Cutler. Co.C apparently took a cannon to the top of the mountain but could not lower the muzzle enough to fire on the Confederates.

In a letter dated Sept. 12, 1864, Cutler writes his wife, “…as for me i am tough and well as you will see by this picture that i send in this letter” and lists those seated on the rock. Starting at the point: Captain [Coffinberry?], William Roberts (Rutland Twp., MI); George Dannat (Hastings, MI); Wiset [?]; Andrew Beers (Irving Twp., MI); Thomas Heney (Rutland Twp., MI); Abraham H. Drake (Ionia County, MI); back of him Jefferson Turner (Hastings, MI); Charles Wooding (G. Rapids, MI), James Woodruff; Oscar Young; James Cutler; Russ Allen [?]; all of Hastings, MI. Cutler was stationed on Lookout Mountain in April of 1864. Co. C built a steam mill, cut their own lumber and built “homes” for themselves during their rainy stay.

Charlton Park’s Civil War exhibition, “Test of a Nation: Honor of a County”, is on display in the stone Museum Building.

This archive features a recent Charlton Park donation. Although donation of items for the collection is limited, we felt that they were important to the Hastings, MI community. Four pieces of souvenir porcelain depict Hastings landmarks (City Hall, Union School, and the Barry County Courthouse). The images are black transfer and the edges are gilded. The underside of the saucers read: Made by Fr. B.Taylor Co. manufactured for J. F. Whitney & Co. Hastings, Mich. Any company information you may have would be greatly appreciated!

These pieces were donated by Carolyn Loucks Moore and Emelie Loucks Horsley.   They date from around 1900. The pieces originally belonged to LouAnna Poucher Johnson Patton (1866-1954), the donor’s step-grandmother. She lived in Hastings until 1908 and moved to Cloverdale, MI when she remarried. LouAnna and her husband ran the Cloverdale General Store until the late 1920’s. We are pleased to have these items in the collection!